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Get The Facts On Concussions

“Just because a helmet protects at a high energy level does not mean it protects as well at lower energy impacts. The BAUER 9900 helmet was specifically created to help protect players from both low-energy and high energy impacts.

Ken Covo, Director of Research and Development, BAUER Hockey.

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury. A concussion occurs as the result of an impact to the head or body that causes the brain to move inside the skull and bump up against the bony portion of the skull. There may also be a rotational element, causing twisting of the nerve fibers inside the brain. It is important to keep in mind that a concussion can occur without an impact to the head, including from impacts to the face, jaw, shoulder and body. No helmet can prevent concussions in all situations. Experts state that concussions are mainly due to acceleration or deceleration of the brain, and helmets may not have an effect on these forces.

What are the components of the certification standards?

A helmet is impacted three times at six prescribed impact sites that are specified by each of the certification bodies. The helmet is also subjected to three impacts each at two non-prescribed impact sites. These 24 impacts are all conducted at room temperature. Additional impact testing of the helmet is conducted at low and high temperatures. If the helmet does not meet the established standards in any area of the testing, it does not receive certification. The hockey helmet certification standards in Canada, the US and Europe were put in place to reduce the risk of localized injuries to the head, such as lacerations, contusions (bruises) and skull fractures –compliance with these standards does not necessarily result in a reduced risk of concussions.

Is a one-piece helmet shell more protective than a two-piece shell?

One piece shells have a smaller range for adjustment than two piece shells due to the nature of their construction. The ability to make adjustments is critical to ensuring a proper fit due to the variety of head shapes because if the helmet does not fit properly, protection is compromised.

For a helmet to be protective, it must protect against "catastrophic hits" is that true?

A protective helmet must be able to manage impacts at all levels. It’s important to recognize, too, that low energy impacts can be just as harmful and are usually more frequent in a typical game. In fact, studies show in a typical Bantam season, almost 90% of the recorded head impacts were considered low-energy (below 30g’s).*

BAUER: A Pioneer in Hockey Helmets

Since the launch of the BAUER 5000 helmet in 1997, BAUER Hockey has led the industry in new helmet technology, sales and overall player acceptance.

The driving force behind BAUER’s rich history of helmet success is deeply rooted in Canada at BAUER Hockey’s Research & Design Center in St. Jerome, Quebec. Backed by a committed team of more than 50 key developers, designers, engineers and researchers, BAUER Hockey is the only stand-alone company focused solely on the sport of hockey. BAUER is dedicated to research and innovation and committed to advancing the game and those who play it. Through exclusive partnerships with organizations such as McGill University, we are able to test and validate the entire product development cycle – from the earliest concepts to the final delivery of the product to players around the world.

Our testing and validation protocols for helmets and facial protection found at St. Jerome and McGill University match the same certification standards issued by the CSA and ASTM. While these certification bodies do not conduct head-to-head testing, BAUER Hockey routinely conducts such testing to ensure it is delivering the highest level of product possible to the marketplace.


No helmet can prevent concussions in all situations. But, Bauer is 100% committed to creating hockey helmets that provide you with protection from both low energy and high energy impacts.

More than 70% of all helmets sold in the world today are BAUER and the brand is the No. 1 choice of youth hockey players around the globe. At the elite level, BAUER continues to be the preference of the game’s top players as more than 43% of NHL players choose BAUER. BAUER Hockey takes pride in the fact that it is the only manufacturer that can deliver a wide variety of options in the helmet, facial and visor categories to players of all levels – from the youth player just starting the game to the most seasoned NHL veteran.

*McPherson et al “An Analysis of Head Impact Profiles and Safe Hockey Behaviors in Youth Hockey Players”